Our Constitution

                     

 

 

 

 

The United States of America
Address: 70PHZ P5FJ2
State of New Mexico
Address: 659Q8 NQKZQ
Judicial District # 32
National Government of the State of New Mexico
office of the Registrar

 

PREAMBLE.

We, the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the State of New Mexico, in order to establish justice, promote the welfare, and secure the blessings of freedoms of liberty to ourselves and our posterity; acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Almighty Creator of the Universe, and imploring His aid and direction in its accomplishment, do ordain and establish the following Constitution and form of National Government, and do mutually agree with each other to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the name of the State of New Mexico, with the following metes and boundaries, to wit, as follows:

BOUNDARIES.

Beginning at the point where the thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude intersects the one hundred and third meridian west from Greenwich; thence along said one hundred and third meridian to the thirty-second parallel of north latitude; thence along said thirty second parallel to the Rio Grande, also known as the Rio Bravo del Norte, as it existed on the ninth day of September one thousand eight hundred and fifty; thence, following the main channel of said river, as it existed on the ninth day of September one thousand eight hundred and fifty, to the parallel of thirty-one degrees forty-seven minutes north latitude; thence west one hundred miles to a point; thence south to the parallel of thirty-one degrees twenty minutes north latitude; thence along said parallel of thirty-one degrees twenty minutes, to the thirty-second meridian of longitude west from State of Washington; thence along said thirty-second meridian to the thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude; thence along said thirty-seventh parallel to the point of beginning.

ARTICLE I.

Declaration of Rights.

Sec. 1. All men being born equally free and independent, and having certain natural, inherent and inalienable rights, amongst which are the enjoying and defending of life, freedom and liberty, the acquirement, possession and protection of property, and the pursuit of and attainment of happiness; therefore, no American National or Declared Resident shall be held by law to serve any person as a servant, slave or apprentice and all forms of slavery is unlawful and prohibited in the National Government of the State of New Mexico.

2. All power is inherent in the people as all free Governments are founded in their authority and the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the National Government of the State of New Mexico have therefore an inalienable and indefeasible right to institute the National Government of the State of New Mexico, to alter and reform, or to totally change the same when their safety or happiness requires it.

3. All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty Creator according to the dictates of their own consciences, which right shall never be infringed, and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious society, mode of worship, or any control or interference with the rights of conscience be permitted.

4. No religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office of public trust in the State of New Mexico; nor shall the rights, privileges or capacities, of any American National and Declared Resident in any manner be diminished or enlarged on account of his religious opinions, except as in this Constitution hereinafter provided.

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish, his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty.

6. No law shall ever be passed to curtail or restrain the freedom and liberty of speech or the press.

7. The American Nationals and Declared Residents shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and possessions, from unreasonable searches and seizures; and no warrant shall issue without describing the place to be searched, or the person or thing to be seized, nor without probable cause on exigent circumstances supported by oath or affirmation.

8. All elections shall be free and equal.

9. The right of trial by a jury of their peers shall be inviolable.

10. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial by a competent, independent and impartial jury, to be informed of the accusation against him, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have assistance of counsel of choice in his defense.

11. No American National or Declared Resident shall be held to answer for a criminal offence unless on the presentment or indictment of a Great Jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cognizable by justices of the Peace, or in the Continental Army, or in the militia, when in actual service, or in time of war.

12. No American Nationals or Declared Residents, after acquittal, shall be tried for the same offence, and all American Nationals and Declared Residents shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offences, when the proof is evident or the presumption great; and the writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended unless when, in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.

13. Excessive bail shall not be required; excessive fines shall not be imposed, or cruel and unjust
punishment inflicted.

14. The Military shall be subordinate to the civil powers. No standing Army shall be kept up by the National Government of the State of New Mexico in time of peace, and no Soldier shall be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war.

15. No American National or Declared Resident in the National Government of the State of New Mexico, except such as are employed in the Continental Army, marines, navy, and air of The United States of America, or militia, in time of actual service, shall be subject to corporal punishment under the Military law.

16. Every American National or Declared Resident shall have the right to acquire, keep and bear arms in the lawful defense of himself or the State of New Mexico.

17. No conviction shall work corruption of blood or confiscation of property unless to make restitution for recourse in damages caused to his victims or to the victim’s private posterity.

18. No expost facto law, retroactive law, or any law impairing the obligation of contracts shall be made.

19. Emigration from the State of New Mexico shall never be prohibited; nor shall any American National or Declared Resident ever be exiled under any pretense whatever.

20. No distinction shall ever be made by law between non-resident aliens foreign to The United States of America and American Nationals or Declared Residents of the State of New Mexico in reference to the rights, freedoms, possession, enjoyment or descent of property.

21. The American Nationals and Declared Residents have the right freely to assemble together to counsel for the common good, to make known their opinions to their Representatives, and to petition for redress of grievances.

22. No power of suspending laws shall be exercised except by the Legislature or its authority.

23. This enumeration of Rights shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the American Nationals and Declared Residents.

ARTICLE II.

Distribution of Powers.

Sec. 1. The powers of the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be divided into three distinct departments, and each of them confided to separate bodies, to wit: Those which are Legislative, to one; those which are Judicial, to another; and those which are Executive, to another.

2. No person, or collection of persons, being of one of those departments, shall exercise any power of any other office of another or any others, except in those instances hereinafter expressly directed or permitted in this constitution.

ARTICLE III.

Legislative Department.

Sec. 1. The Legislative powers of the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be vested in the House of Representatives and are the Legislature for the General Assembly of the National Government of the State of New Mexico. The style of all laws shall be, — Be it enacted by the Legislature of the National Government of the State of New Mexico.

2. The members of the House of Representatives shall be chosen by the qualified electors, and their term of office shall be two years from the day of their general election; and the session of the Legislature shall be held annually, at such time as shall be prescribed by law.

3. No person shall be a Representative unless he is an American National or Declared Resident of The United States of America, and one year previous to his election a Declared Resident of the State of New Mexico, and six months of the county, city or town, for which he shall be chosen, and shall have attained the age of twenty-one years.

4. All elections by the American Nationals and Declared Residents shall be held at such time and places, and in such manner in the several counties, cities, and towns, as may be designated by law.

5. The House shall choose its own officers and shall judge of the qualification and election of its own members, but contested elections shall be determined in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

6. Two-thirds of the House shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as the House shall prescribe.

7. The House may, with the consent of two-thirds of its members, for any good cause, expel and punish members for disorderly conduct; and the House may punish, by imprisonment no more than twenty-four hours, during the session, any person, not a member, for disrespectful or disorderly conduct in its presence, or for obstructing any of its proceedings, and may publish the same, or any part thereof, with the consent of two-thirds of its members.

8. The yeas and nays of the House shall, at the desire of any four members present, be entered on
the Journal.

9. When a vacancy shall happen in the House, the Governor, or the person exercising the power of Governor, shall issue a writ of election to fill such vacancy.

10. The doors of the House shall be kept open, except on such occasions during a time of war as the House may require secrecy.
11. The House shall not adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which may they be sitting.

12. Bills may originate in the House and may be amended, altered or rejected and every Bill having passed the House, shall be signed by the Speaker of the House.

13. Every Bill shall be read on three different days in the House unless in case of urgency three-fourths of the House, in which such bill is pending, shall deem it expedient to suspend this Rule.

14. No Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the State of New Mexico, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased during such time.

15. An accurate statement of the Receipts and Expenditures of the Public Monies shall be attached to, and published with, the Laws at the rising of each session of the Legislature.

16. The Governor, and all other civil officers under the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be liable to impeachment for any violation deemed prescribed by law by the Legislature while in office; but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit or trust, under the National Government of the State of New Mexico. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall, nevertheless, be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.

17. No judge of any Court of Record in the National Government of the State of New Mexico, Secretary of State, Clerk of any Court of Record, chief Stewarts, or Collectors of Public Monies, or persons holding any office under The United States of America, shall have a seat in any Legislature of the National Government of the State of New Mexico being a conflict of interest.

18. Every American National and Declared Resident who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit, shall, before entering on the duties thereof, take an oath to support The United States of America, the State of New Mexico, the Constitution of the State of New Mexico, and to faithfully discharge the duties of his office.
All officers, civil and Military, in the National Government of the State of New Mexico, before they enter upon the duties of their respective offices, shall take the following oath or affirmation.

Any officer elected or appointed shall swear to the following Oath of Office:

I, _________________________ do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the
duties and responsibilities of ___________________(office) for the National Government of the
State of New Mexico, and will to the best of my Ability, Protect the honor of the National
Government of the State of New Mexico and The United States of America and defend the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Law of Nations against all hostile foreign
powers, and
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LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF OFFICE
I, __________________________, hereby duly claim the office of ______________ of the
National Government of the State of New Mexico, and do hereby accept and
acknowledge the said position, constitution, duties and responsibilities and will faithfully fulfill
the aforesaid office;So solemnly sworn (or affirmed) on this ____ day of _________20___,”
“I, ___, do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess, testify and declare, that the State of New
Mexico is, and of right ought to be, a free, sovereign and independent State; and I
do swear or affirm, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the said State of New Mexico, and
that I will defend the same against traitorous conspiracies and all hostile attempts whatsoever:
And that I do renounce and abjure all allegiance, subjection, and obedience to every other foreign
power whatsoever: And that no foreign Prince, Person, Prelate, State or Potentate, hath, or ought
to have, any jurisdiction, superiority, preeminence, authority, dispensing or other power, in any
matter, civil, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within the State of New Mexico; except the authority and
the power which is or may be vested by their Delegates to the assembly of the American Continent:
And I do further testify and declare, that no man or body of men hath or can have any right to
absolve or discharge me from the obligation of this oath, declaration or affirmation; and that I do
make this acknowledgment, profession, testimony, declaration, denial, renunciation and
abjuration, heartily and truly, according to the common meaning and acceptation of the
foregoing words, without any equivocation, mental evasion, or secret
reservation whatsoever. So help me, my Creator.

19. The Legislature shall have full power to exclude from the right of electing, or of being elected, any person convicted of bribery, perjury, or other infamous crime.

20. In the year two thousand and twenty, and every tenth year thereafter, an enumeration of all the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the State of New Mexico shall be made, in such manner as prescribed by law.

21. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeaching, but a majority of the members of the General Assembly when convened and elected must concur in an impeachment.

22. All impeachments shall be tried by the House, and when sitting for that purpose the Representatives shall be upon oath or affirmation to do justice according to law.

23. No officer shall exercise his office after he shall have been impeached, until after his acquittal. And the impeachment of such officer shall not be carried to conviction without the consent of two-thirds of the House.

ARTICLE IV.

Of the Executive.

Sec. 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for two years, and a Lieutenant Governor, who shall be elected at the same time, and for the same term.

2. No person who is not an American National or Declared Resident of The United States of America, and a qualified elector, and who shall not have resided in the State of New Mexico for three years next preceding his election, shall be eligible for the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor.

3. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, at the time and places of choosing members of the Legislature. The American Nationals or Declared Residents respectively having the highest number of votes for Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be elected; but in case two or more shall have an equal and the highest number of votes for Governor or Lieutenant Governor, the House, at its next annual session, shall, forthwith, by joint ballot, choose one of the persons so having an equal and the highest number of votes for Governor or Lieutenant Governor. The returns of election for Governor shall be made as provided by law.

4. The Governor shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army of the National Government of the State of New Mexico. He shall have the power to convene the Legislature on extraordinary occasions, and in case of invasion or danger from the prevalence of contagious disease at the Seat of National Government, he may convene them at any other suitable place within the State of New Mexico. He shall communicate to the Legislature, at every session, the condition of the State of New Mexico, and recommend such matters to them for their consideration as he may deem expedient. He shall transact all necessary business with the officers, civil and Military, of the National Government. He shall expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the Legislature and shall take care that the laws are faithfully executed.

5. When any office shall, from any cause, become vacant, and no mode is provided by the Constitution for filling such vacancy, the Governor shall have power to fill such vacancy by granting a commission, which shall expire at the end of the next session of the Legislature, or at the next election by the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the National Government of the State of New Mexico.

6. In case of disagreement between the members in the House during session of the General Assembly as to the time of adjournment, the Governor shall have the power to adjourn the Legislature to such time as he may think proper; provided it be not beyond the time fixed by law for the meeting of the next Legislature.

7. No person, shall, while holding any other office under The United States of America, or under the State of New Mexico, execute the office of Governor, except as hereinafter expressly provided.

8. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive, for his services, a compensation which shall neither be increased or diminished during the time for which he shall have been elected; and the salary of the Governor shall never be less than two thousand five hundred dollars per annum.

9. The Lieutenant Governor shall, by virtue of his office, be Speaker of the House; have a right, when in Committee of the Whole, to debate and vote on all subjects, and whenever the House is equally divided to give the casting vote. And in case of the death, resignation, removal from office, inability or refusal of the Governor to serve, or of his impeachment, or absence from the National Government of the State of New Mexico, the Lieutenant Governor shall exercise the powers and authority appertaining to the Governor, until another be chosen at the regular
election for Governor and be duly qualified and elected, or until the Governor impeached, absent or disabled, shall be acquitted, return, or his disability be removed.

10. Whenever the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be administered by the Lieutenant Governor, or he shall be unable to attend as Speaker of the House pro tempore, the House shall elect one of its own members as Speaker for the time being; and if, during the vacancy of the office of Governor, the Lieutenant Governor shall die, refuse to serve, or be removed from office, or be unable serve, or if he shall be impeached, or be absent from the State of New Mexico, the Speaker pro tempore, for the time being, of the House, shall, in like manner, administer the National Government of the State of New Mexico until he shall be superseded by
a Governor or Lieutenant Governor.

11. The Lieutenant Governor shall, while he acts as Speaker of the House, receive, for his services, a compensation as prescribed the same as any Representative of the House.

12. The Lieutenant Governor, or Speaker of the House, for the time being, shall, during the time he administers the National Government of the State of New Mexico as Governor, receive the same compensation which the Governor would have received had he been employed in the duties of his office, and no more. If the Lieutenant Governor shall be administering the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and shall, while in such administration, die, resign, or be absent from the State of New Mexico, during the recess of the Legislature, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to convene the House for the purpose of choosing a Speaker, for the
time being.

13. There shall be a Seal of the State of New Mexico, which shall be kept by the Governor and used by him officially.

14. All commissions shall be in the name and by the authority of the State of New Mexico, be sealed with the State Seal, signed by the Governor, and attested by the Secretary of State.

15. There shall be a Secretary of State, who shall be elected by the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, in ballot, and shall continue in office during the term of service of the Governor-elect. He shall keep a fair register of all official acts and proceedings of the Governor, and shall when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes and vouchers, relative thereto, before the Legislature and shall perform such other duties as may be required of him by law.

16. Every Bill which shall have passed the House shall be presented to the Governor: if he approves it he shall sign it; but if he not he shall return it, with his objections, to the House, who shall enter the objections at large upon the Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, three-fifths of the members elected shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent backed to the Governor, if no objection based upon proper principle considering the Law of Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it shall pass as law. If passed by
three-fifths of the members elected of the House, it shall become a law; but in such cases, the votes of the House shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting, for or against the Bill, shall be entered on the Journal of the House. If any Bill shall not be returned by the Governor within ten days (Sundays excepted,) if it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it; unless the Legislature, by its adjournment, before the expiration of the aforesaid ten days, shall render a return within that time impracticable, -in which case, if not returned Within two days after the next meeting of the
Legislature, after the expiration of the said ten days, it shall be a law.

17. Every Order, Resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the House may be necessary, except on questions of adjournment, shall be presented to the Governor, and before it shall take effect, be approved by him; or being disapproved, shall be repassed by the House according to the rules and limitations prescribed in case of a Bill.

18. The Governor shall have the power to remit fines and forfeitures, and by and with the consent of the Judges of the Supreme Court, or a majority thereof, to grant reprieves and pardons, in all cases except cases of impeachment.

19. He may require information in writing, from the officers of the Executive Departments, relative to the duties of their respective offices.

 

20. A State Treasurer, and a Registrar, shall be elected by the American National and Declared Residents, with the consent of the House, for the period of four years; but in case of vacancy in either of said offices, during the recess of the Legislature, such vacancy shall be filled by the Governor, which appointment shall continue until action thereon is had by the next Legislature.

21. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor for more than
two terms out of three.

ARTICLE V.

Judicial Department.

section 1. The judicial power of the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be vested in a Supreme Court, in County Courts, and in Justices of the Peace. All other courts are established by the American Nationals and Declared Residents within the National Government of the State of New Mexico within their separate spheres as deemed necessary.

Section 2. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and two Associate Justices, any two of whom shall constitute a quorum.

Section 3. The justices of the Supreme Court shall be elected at the general election, by the qualified electors of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and shall hold their office for the term of two years from the first day of January next after their election; provided that the Legislature shall, at its first meeting, elect a Chief Justice and two Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, by a vote of the General Assembly and so classify them that one shall go out of office every two years. After the first election, the senior Justice in commission shall be the
Chief Justice.

Section 4. The Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction in all cases when the matter in dispute exceeds two hundred dollars when the legality of any tax, toll, or impostor is in question, and in all criminal cases amounting to felony or questions of law alone. The said Court, and each of the Justices thereof, as well as all county judges, shall have the power to issue writs of habeas corpus at the instance of any person held in actual custody. They shall also have the power to issue all other writs and process necessary to the exercise of their appellate jurisdiction and shall be conservators of the peace throughout the State of New Mexico.

Section 5. The County Courts shall have original jurisdiction, in law and equity, in all civil cases where the amount in dispute exceeds two hundred dollars, exclusive of interest. In all criminal cases not otherwise provided for, and in all issues of fact joined in the probate courts, their jurisdiction shall be unlimited.

Section 6. The Legislature shall provide for the election, by the American Nationals and Declared Residents of The United States of America, of a Clerk of the Supreme Court, and County Clerks, chief Stewart, Coroners, and other necessary officers; and shall fix by law their duties and compensation. county Clerks shall be, ex officio

Section 7. There shall be elected in each of the organized counties of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, one county Judge, who shall hold his office for four years. He shall hold the County Court, and perform the duties of Surrogate, or Probate Judge. The County Judge, with two Justices of the Peace, to be designated according to law, shall hold courts of sessions, with such criminal jurisdiction as the Legislature shall prescribe, and he shall perform such other duties as shall be required by law.

Section 8. The County Courts shall have such jurisdiction, in cases arising in Justices Courts, and in special cases, as the Legislature may prescribe by the law wherein the County Courts may have jurisdiction in civil matters.

Section 9. The times and places of holding the terms of the Supreme Court, and the general and special terms of the Courts within the several counties, shall be provided for by law.

Section 10. No judicial officer, except a Justice of the Peace, shall receive, to his own use, any fees, dues, gifts, or perquisites of office.

Section 11. The Legislature shall provide for the speedy publication of all laws, and of such judicial decisions as it may deem expedient, and all laws and judicial decisions shall be free for publication by any person.

Section 12. Tribunals for conciliation may be established, with such powers and duties as may be prescribed by law; but such tribunals shall have no power to render judgment to be obligatory on the parties, except they voluntarily submit their matters in difference, and agree to abide the judgment, or assent thereto in the presence of such tribunal, in such cases as shall be prescribed by law.

Section 13. The Legislature shall determine the number of Justices of the Peace, to be elected in each county, city, town, and incorporated village of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and fix by law their powers, duties, and responsibilities. It shall also determine in what cases appeals may be made from Justices Courts to the County Court.

Section 14. The Justices of the Supreme Court, and Judges of the County Court shall severally, at stated times during their continuance in office, receive for their services a compensation, to be paid out of the treasury, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected. The county Judges shall also severally, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation to be paid out of the county treasury of their respective counties, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected.

Section 15. The Justices of the Supreme Court and county Judges shall be ineligible to hold any other office, during the term for which they shall have been elected.

Section 16. Judges shall not charge juries with respect to matters of fact but may state the testimony and give references as declared by law. All juries shall be the judges of fact and the law.

Section 17. The judges, by virtue of their office, shall be conservators of the peace throughout the State of New Mexico. The style of all processes shall be, “the electors of the National Government of the State of New Mexico;” all prosecutions shall be carried on “In the name, and by the authority the electors of the State of New Mexico,” and conclude, “against the peace and the dignity of the State.”

Section 18. The judges may be removed from office by a concurrent vote of the two-thirds of the Legislature: and the causes of removal shall be entered on the journal. The judge against whom the legislature may be about to proceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes alleged for his removal, at least thirty days before the day on which of the Legislature shall sit thereupon.

Section 19. The judges may also be removed by impeachment.

Section 20. The power of impeachment shall be vested in the General Assembly of the House of Representatives.

Section 21. All impeachments shall be tried by the General Assembly of House of Representatives: when acting for that purpose, the members shall be upon oath, and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Section 22. The Governor and all civil officers shall be liable to impeachment for all breach in office: but judgment in such cases, shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of trust or profit, in the State of New Mexico. But the parties shall nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, and punishment according to law.

ARTICLE VI.

Militia.

Sec. 1. The militia of the National Government of the State of New Mexico shall be composed of able-bodied American Nationals and Declared Residents between the ages of eighteen year, except such as may hereafter be exempted by the Laws of The United States of America or of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and be armed, equipped and trained, as the Legislature may provide by law.

2. No American National or Declared Resident, conscientiously objective of bearing arms or objective to the nature of dispute in claim, be compelled to do militia duty in times of peace nor in time of war; All Commissioned officers, Staff officers excepted, shall be elected by the persons liable to perform Military duty, and shall be commissioned by the Governor.

3. The Governor shall have the power to call out the Militia to execute the Laws of the State of New Mexico, to repress insurrections, and to repel invasions.

ARTICLE VII.

Suffrage.

Sec. 1. Every American National and Declared Resident of the National Government of the State of New Mexico of the age of eighteen years shall be a qualified elector at such election.

Sec 2. No Military personnel based in the State of New Mexico while in time of service of The United States of America be compelled to declare residency in the State of New Mexico nor have any vote in the elections of the State of New Mexico.

ARTICLE IX.

General Provisions.

Sec. 1. Members of the Legislature, and all other officers, before they enter on the duties of their offices, shall take an oath to support the Constitution of the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and faithfully and impartially to discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon them as such officers, according to the best of their ability and judgment.

2. Treason against the State of New Mexico shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies —giving them aid and comfort, and no person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or his own confession in open court.

3. The following officers shall never be allowed less than the following salaries, for their services: a hundred Continental dollars per day of service: the Governor, the Secretary of State; Treasurer, Registrar, and such fees as may be allowed by law; Chief Justice; Associate Justices; and the Legislature shall provide by law for the compensation of all officers, servants, agents, and public contractors, not provided for by this Constitution.
The members of the House shall receive for each day’s attendance, during any session of the Legislature, Three Continental Dollars for each mile, coming and returning, from the Seat of National Government. The Speaker of the House of Representatives shall receive per day.

4. All civil officers shall reside within the National Government of the State of New Mexico, and all county officers within their county and shall keep their offices at such places therein as may be required by law.

5. Absence on the business of the State of New Mexico, or of The United States of America shall not forfeit a residence once obtained so as to deprive anyone of the right of suffrage or of being elected or appointed to any office, under the exceptions contained in this Constitution.

6. After the year two thousand and twenty-one, whenever two-thirds of the members elected to the Legislature shall think it necessary to amend or change this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors, at the next election for members of the Legislature, to vote for or against a Convention, and if it shall appear that a majority of the American Nationals or Declared Residents of the State of New Mexico, voting for Representatives, have voted for a Convention, the Legislature shall, at its next session, call a Convention, to consist of as many members as
there may be in the Legislature, to be chosen in the same manner, at the same places, and by the same electors that chose the Legislature, who shall meet within two months after the said election for the purpose of revision, amending, or changing the Constitution.

7. The State of New Mexico may lay a tax for the American Nationals and Declared Residents of the State of New Mexico in order for the National Government of the State of New Mexico to operate and shall be apportioned according to the necessary expedients of the National Government.

8. Corporations shall not be created in and by the National Government of the State of New Mexico by special laws.

9. The Legislature shall not have the power to create, authorize, or incorporate, by any general or special law, any Bank or Banking privilege, or power, or any institution or corporation having any Banking privilege or power whatever, except as provided in the section following.

10. The Legislature may submit to the voters of any general election the question of Bank or no Bank, and if, at any such election, a number of votes equal to a majority of all the votes cast at such election, on that question, shall be in favor of Banks, then the Legislature shall have the power to pass a general Banking Law, with such restrictions, and under such regulations as they may deem expedient for the safety of the bill-holders. Privately owned central banks shall forever be banned.

11. The credit of the State shall never be loaned for the benefit of any individual, corporation or association.

12. No divorce from the bonds of matrimony shall ever be granted.

13. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in pursuance of appropriations made by law.

14. The Governor, Secretary of State, Registrar, and State Treasurer, shall keep their offices at the Seat of National Government of the State of New Mexico.

15. The members of the House shall be free from arrest except for breach of the peace, espionage, or treason, during the time the General Assembly is in session.

16. In the first election to fill offices under this Constitution, any person who is an American National or Declared Resident of The United States of America, or any person who is qualified to vote under the same, shall be eligible to such offices, anything in this Constitution to the contrary notwithstanding.

Definitions- The Legislature is the House and the House of Representatives as the same and is one body
that meets under the General Assembly.